Asset poverty rate: 23.50%
Average college graduate debt: $24,655
Unbanked households 9.50%
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 9%
Food insecurity: 14.10%
Minimum wage: $7.25
Number of Black or African American children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 323,000
Number of Hispanic or Latino children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 1,034,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 17.70%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 23.80%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 32.60%
Poverty rate: 13.60%
Unemployment rate: 3.50%
High school graduation rate: 90%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 82.90%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 56%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 30.30%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 8%
Children in foster care: 31,427
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18: 749,131
Percent of children in immigrant families: 33%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 35%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 24%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.61%
People Experiencing Homelessness: 27,229
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 850,500
Percent renters: 38%
Total housing units: 11,589,324
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents: 529
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 3,699
Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 44,219
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 2,035,000
EITC recipients: 2,600,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 84,300
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 277,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 142,609
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 3,867,146
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 675,806
Participants in all Head Start programs: 70,299
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 19%
Number of Asian and Pacific Islander children below 200% poverty: 75,000
Number of Black or African American children below 200% poverty: 482,000
Number of Hispanic or Latino children below 200% poverty: 2,013,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 32%
Senior poverty rate: 10.60%
Women in poverty: 15%

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Texas policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports