Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 62,460
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 2,060,000
EITC recipients: 2,600,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 63,900
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 273,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 191,674
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 3,443,666
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 821,873
Participants in all Head Start programs: 72,436
Asset poverty rate: 24.6%
Average college graduate debt: $26,236
Unbanked households 9.4%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 22.2%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 2,669,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 34%
Senior poverty rate: 10.8%
Women in poverty: 16.1%
Children in foster care: 30,738
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 189,693
Percent of children in immigrant families: 34%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 35%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 31
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 9.0%
Food insecurity: 15.4%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 1,515,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 17.3%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 27.0%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 36.0%
Poverty rate: 14.7%
Unemployment rate: 4.5%
High school graduation rate: 89.0%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 79.6%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 55%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 28.9%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 8%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.69%
Homeless people: 23,548
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 824,000
Percent renters: 38%
Total households: 9,623,874
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 584
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 4,299

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Texas policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports