Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 31,681
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 702,000
EITC recipients: 931,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 31,900
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 110,254
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 184,206
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,414,620
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 241,288
Participants in all Head Start programs: 27,104
Asset poverty rate: 25.5%
Average college graduate debt: $24,758
Unbanked households: 7.7%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 23.2%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 617,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 39%
Senior poverty rate: 9.4%
Women in poverty: 16.6%
Children in foster care: 10,324
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 140,768
Percent of children in immigrant families: 18%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 37%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 24
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 11.0%
Food insecurity: 17.3%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 354,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 10.4%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 31.6%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 36.7%
Poverty rate: 15.4%
Unemployment rate: 5.0%
High school graduation rate: 83.9%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 84.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 61%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 29.4%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.97%
Homeless people: 9,559
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 331,000
Percent renters: 35%
Total households: 3,882,423
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 1,014
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 54,043

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key North Carolina policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports