Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 19,433
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 702,000
EITC recipients: 927,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 31,900
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 138,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 134,645
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,401,875
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 255,984
Participants in all Head Start programs: 27,104
Asset poverty rate: 25.1%
Average college graduate debt: $25,218
Unbanked households: 8.4%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 24.0%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 620,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 39%
Senior poverty rate: 10%
Women in poverty: 18.00%
Children in foster care: 9,036
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 182,819
Percent of children in immigrant families: 18%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 37%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 26
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 7.1%
Food insecurity: 17.3%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 370,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 12%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 31.1%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 36.7%
Poverty rate: 16.4%
Unemployment rate: 5.8%
High school graduation rate: 83%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 84.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 61%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 28.7%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 1.30%
Homeless people: 11,491
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 281,464
Percent renters: 34%
Total households: 3,742,514
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 1,014
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 54,300

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key North Carolina policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports