Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 29,445
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 696,000
EITC recipients: 898,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 28,700
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 135,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 191,288
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,431,074
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 230,660
Participants in all Head Start programs: 21,633
Asset poverty rate: 25.5%
Average college graduate debt: $25,273
Unbanked households: 7.7%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 21.3%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 585,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 36%
Senior poverty rate: 9.1%
Women in poverty: 16.0%
Children in foster care: 10,425
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 69,412
Percent of children in immigrant families: 19%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 36%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 22
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 9.0%
Food insecurity: 15.4%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 333,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 10.7%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 30.2%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 36.4%
Poverty rate: 14.7%
Unemployment rate: 4.6%
High school graduation rate: 85.6%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 83.6%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 58%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 30.4%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.85%
Homeless people: 8,962
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 322,000
Percent renters: 35%
Total households: 3,955,069
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 358
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 468

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key North Carolina policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports