Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 877,583
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 2,319,000
EITC recipients: 2,900,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 71,500
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 491,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 219,265
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 5,057,147
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 1,080,241
Participants in all Head Start programs: 93,518
Asset poverty rate: 25.8%
Average college graduate debt: $22,488
Unbanked households: 6.2%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 19.6%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 2,950,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 30%
Senior poverty rate: 10.2%
Women in poverty: 14.4%
Children in foster care: 54,685
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 174,155
Percent of children in immigrant families: 47%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 34%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 17
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 8.0%
Food insecurity: 11.7%
Minimum Wage: $11.00
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 1,869,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 7.2%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 17.6%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 33.1%
Poverty rate: 13.3%
Unemployment rate: 5.1%
High school graduation rate: 82.0%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 80.2%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 50%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 32.9%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 6%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.48%
Homeless people: 134,278
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 1,652,000
Percent renters: 46%
Total Households: 13,005,097
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 349
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 6,726

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key California policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports