Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 995,529
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 2,118,000
EITC recipients: 3,100,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 78,100
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 432,214
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 219,178
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 5,147,878
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 1,174,875
Participants in all Head Start programs: 130,513
Assets
Asset poverty rate: 25.8%
Average college graduate debt: $22,724
Unbanked households: 6.2%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 20.8%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 3,072,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 34%
Senior poverty rate: 10.3%
Women in poverty: 15.4%
Family
Children in foster care: 55,983
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 713,660
Percent of children in immigrant families: 47%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 34%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 19
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 9.0%
Food insecurity: 12.5%
Minimum Wage: $10.00
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 1,917,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 7.3%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 21.1%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 34.4%
Poverty rate: 14.3%
Unemployment rate: 5.4%
Education
High school graduation rate: 81.0%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 80.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 54%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 32.3%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Housing
Home foreclosure rate: 0.60%
Homeless people: 118,142
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 1,680,000
Percent renters: 46%
Total Households: 12,944,178
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 9,810
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 211,425

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key California policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports