Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 130,386
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 734,000
EITC recipients: 911,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 55,400
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 216,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 345,791
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,402,465
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 226,060
Participants in all Head Start programs: 35,866
Asset poverty rate: 23.8%
Average college graduate debt: $35,185
Unbanked households: 4.7%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 18.1%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 415,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 31%
Senior poverty rate: 8.5%
Women in poverty: 13.7%
Children in foster care: 16,086
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 54,836
Percent of children in immigrant families: 13%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 35%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 16
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 8.0%
Food insecurity: 12.5%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 293,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 5.5%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 23.0%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 26.1%
Poverty rate: 12.5%
Unemployment rate: 5.0%
High school graduation rate: 84.8%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 87.5%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 67%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 30.8%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 6%
Home foreclosure rate: 1.60%
Homeless people: 14,138
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 387,000
Percent renters: 31%
Total households: 5,008,751
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 394
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 2,826

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Pennsylvania policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports