Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 10,138
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 48,000
EITC recipients: 75,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 2,300
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 14,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 17,774
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 129,041
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 17,445
Participants in all Head Start programs: 4,869
Asset poverty rate: 23.8%
Average college graduate debt: $30,994
Unbanked households: 4.0%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 14.8%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: N/A
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 30%
Senior poverty rate: 7.2%
Women in poverty: 13.6%
Children in foster care: 3,366
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 6,163
Percent of children in immigrant families: 4%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 25%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 24
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 7.0%
Food insecurity: 12.3%
Minimum Wage: $8.30
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: N/A
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 8.5%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 25.6%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 30.1%
Poverty rate: 12.5%
Unemployment rate: 4.0%
High school graduation rate: 86.0%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 90.9%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 59%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 31.0%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.63%
Homeless people: 1,529
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 28,000
Percent renters: 33%
Total households: 423,091
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 360
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 171

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Montana policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports