Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 7,653
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 51,000
EITC recipients: 80,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 2,200
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 11,212
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 20,088
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 125,273
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 18,296
Participants in all Head Start programs: 5,270
Assets
Asset poverty rate: 23.8%
Average college graduate debt: $29,945
Unbanked households: 4.0%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 18.9%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: N/A
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 36%
Senior poverty rate: 8.9%
Women in poverty: 13.8%
Family
Children in foster care: 2,807
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 9,597
Percent of children in immigrant families: 5%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 30%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 25
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 8.0%
Food insecurity: 13.0%
Minimum Wage: $8.15/$4.00
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: N/A
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 8.1%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 28.3%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 34.5%
Poverty rate: 13.3%
Unemployment rate: 4.2%
Education
High school graduation rate: 85.4%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 91.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 60%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 30.6%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Housing
Home foreclosure rate: 0.65%
Homeless people: 1,418
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 29,000
Percent renters: 33%
Total households: 416,125
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 168
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 6,555

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Montana policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports