Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 41,016
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 712,000
EITC recipients: 823,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 21,400
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 128,460
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 468,159
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 946,477
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 234,546
Participants in all Head Start programs: 41,783
Assets
Asset poverty rate: 29.2%
Average college graduate debt: $29,789
Unbanked households: 6.0%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 22.0%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 354,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 39%
Senior poverty rate: 8.1%
Women in poverty: 16.0%
Family
Children in foster care: 12,248
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 116,642
Percent of children in immigrant families: 13%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 36%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 19
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 10.0%
Food insecurity: 15.1%
Minimum Wage: $8.90
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 267,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 5.4%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 26.0%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 32.4%
Poverty rate: 15.0%
Unemployment rate: 4.9%
Education
High school graduation rate: 78.6%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 88.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 63%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 27.8%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 6%
Housing
Home foreclosure rate: 0.66%
Homeless people: 9,316
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 300,000
Percent renters: 29%
Total households: 3,884,153
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 2,085
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 58,978

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Michigan policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports