Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 33,864
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 161,000
EITC recipients: 208,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 9,800
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 44,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 88,492
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 298,136
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 65,429
Participants in all Head Start programs: 8,990
Asset poverty rate: 21.8%
Average college graduate debt: $29,732
Unbanked households: 4.5%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 14.9%
Number of Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 40,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 32%
Senior poverty rate: 8%
Women in poverty: 10.0%
Children in foster care: 6,341
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 33,811
Percent of children in immigrant families: 11%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 29%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 20
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 5.5%
Food insecurity: 11.9%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 21,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 6%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 26.1%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 28.2%
Poverty rate: 12.2%
Unemployment rate: 3.7%
High school graduation rate: 90%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 90.6%
Percent of college students with debt: 68%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 27.7%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 5%
Home foreclosure rate: 1.47%
Homeless people: 3,122
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 76,728
Percent renters: 28%
Total households: 1,232,228
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 729
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 12,700

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Iowa policies and a link to an  organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports