Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 23,042
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 183,782
EITC recipients: 194,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 9,600
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 43,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 82,932
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 336,836
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 60,249
Participants in all Head Start programs: 7,202
Asset poverty rate: 25.00%
Average college graduate debt: $29,821
Unbanked households: 3.00%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 14.00%
Number of Asian and Pacific Islander children below 200% poverty: N/A
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 42,000
Number of Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 42,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 27%
Senior poverty rate: 6.60%
Women in poverty: 12.30%
Children in foster care: 5,952
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 39,984
Percent of children in immigrant families: 12%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 31%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 16%
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 5.00%
Food insecurity: 10.90%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: N/A
Number of Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 24,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 4.70%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 19.50%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 28.40%
Poverty rate: 10.70%
Unemployment rate: 2.60%
High school graduation rate: 91.00%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 91.60%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 62%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 29.00%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 5%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.73%
Homeless people: 3,064
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 67,400
Percent renters: 29%
Total households: 1,287,221
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 285
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 585

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Iowa policies and a link to an  organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports