Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 14,338
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 51,000
EITC recipients: 54,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 900
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 32,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 15,674
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: N/A
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 14,645
Participants in all Head Start programs: 7,095
Asset poverty rate: N/A
Average college graduate debt: N/A
Unbanked households: 11.8%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 25.9%
Number of Black children below 200% poverty: 40,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 36%
Senior poverty rate: 19%
Women in poverty: 17.0%
Children in foster care: 1,311
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 15,176
Percent of children in immigrant families: 26%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 53%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 28
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 9.2%
Food insecurity: 13.4%
Minimum Wage: $10.50
Number of Black children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment 36,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 6%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 9.6%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 28.2%
Poverty rate: 17.3%
Unemployment rate: 7.2%
High school graduation rate: 62%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 87.4%
Percent of college students with debt: N/A
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 55.0%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 10%
Home foreclosure rate: 3.29%
Homeless people: 7,748
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 39,117
Percent renters: 58%
Total households: 267,415
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 258
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 1,600

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key District of Columbia policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports