Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 13,634
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 51,000
EITC recipients: 54,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 900
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 28,302
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 12,493
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: N/A
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 14,363
Participants in all Head Start programs: 7,095
Asset poverty rate: N/A
Average college graduate debt: $31,942
Unbanked households: 10.8%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 25.3%
Number of Black children below 200% poverty: 43,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 36%
Senior poverty rate: 13.4%
Women in poverty: 19.7%
Children in foster care: 947
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 7,571
Percent of children in immigrant families: 26%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 53%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 26
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 13.0%
Food insecurity: 12.7%
Minimum Wage: $12.50
Number of Black children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment 42,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 3.9%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 8.0%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 28.2%
Poverty rate: 18.6%
Unemployment rate: 6.1%
High school graduation rate: 61.4%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 87.4%
Percent of college students with debt: 55%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 56.7%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 10%
Home foreclosure rate: 2.69%
Homeless people: 8,350
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 39,000
Percent renters: 59%
Total households: 281,241
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 258
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 2,448

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key District of Columbia policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports