Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 43,308
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 821,000
EITC recipients: 1,000,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 31,600
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 220,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 424,323
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,471,678
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 268,847
Participants in all Head Start programs: 48,872
Asset poverty rate: 23.5%
Average college graduate debt: $28,984
Unbanked households: 7.4%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 19.9%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 738,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 36%
Senior poverty rate: 10%
Women in poverty: 14.0%
Children in foster care: 16,706
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 207,321
Percent of children in immigrant families: 26%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 34%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 23
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 6.2%
Food insecurity: 12.5%
Minimum Wage: $8.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 473,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 9%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 24.4%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 30.0%
Poverty rate: 13.6%
Unemployment rate: 5.9%
High school graduation rate: 83%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 86.9%
Percent of college students with debt: 67%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 32.8%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 2.81%
Homeless people: 13,107
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 386,326
Percent renters: 33%
Total households: 4,778,633
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 2,106
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 57,200

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Illinois policies and a link to an  organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports