Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 29,100
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 843,000
EITC recipients: 963,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 21,200
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 220,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 230,121
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,383,836
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 211,367
Participants in all Head Start programs: 39,133
Asset poverty rate: 23.6%
Average college graduate debt: $28,479
Unbanked households: 7.1%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 17.5%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 676,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 32%
Senior poverty rate: 8.6%
Women in poverty: 13.7%
Children in foster care: 16,113
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 52,874
Percent of children in immigrant families: 26%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 34%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 19
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 8.0%
Food insecurity: 11.0%
Minimum Wage: $8.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 422,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 6.8%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 20.7%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 28.8%
Poverty rate: 12.6%
Unemployment rate: 5.0%
High school graduation rate: 86%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 85.9%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 61%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 34.0%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 1.67%
Homeless people: 10,798
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 441,000
Percent renters: 34%
Total households: 4,808,672
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 375
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 1,524

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Illinois policies and a link to an  organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports