Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 34,881
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 821,000
EITC recipients: 1,000,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 31,600
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 196,514
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 335,843
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 1,420,184
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 225,159
Participants in all Head Start programs: 48,872
Asset poverty rate: 23.6%
Average college graduate debt: $29,589
Unbanked households: 7.1%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 18.9%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 705,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 36%
Senior poverty rate: 9.2%
Women in poverty: 14.2%
Children in foster care: 16,654
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 172,190
Percent of children in immigrant families: 26%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 34%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 21
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 8.0%
Food insecurity: 11.7%
Minimum Wage: $8.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 452,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 6.5%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 20.8%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 30.0%
Poverty rate: 13.0%
Unemployment rate: 5.9%
High school graduation rate: 86%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 86.9%
Percent of college students with debt: 66%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 32.9%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 1.89%
Homeless people: 11,590
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 449,000
Percent renters: 34%
Total households: 4,822,046
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 2,106
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 66,840

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Illinois policies and a link to an  organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports