Participation in federal programs
Adults and Children receiving welfare (TANF): 22,172
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 397,000
EITC recipients: 482,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 14,000
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 93,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 76,948
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 632,663
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 123,993
Participants in all Head Start programs: 15,631
Asset poverty rate: 24.7%
Average college graduate debt: $31,257
Unbanked households: 12.5%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 24.3%
Number of Black children below 200% poverty: 221,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 41%
Senior poverty rate: 9.9%
Women in poverty: 18.5%
Children in foster care: 5,053
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 41,729
Percent of children in immigrant families: 9%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 39%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 28
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 13.0%
Food insecurity: 16.5%
Minimum Wage: No state minimum wage law (federal applies)
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 171,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 9.4%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 35.7%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 35.6%
Poverty rate: 16.9%
Unemployment rate: 5.0%
High school graduation rate: 89.3%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 81.9%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 50%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 24.7%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 9%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.97%
Homeless people: 3,793
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 149,000
Percent renters: 32%
Total households: 1,841,665
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 633
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 849

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Alabama policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports