Participation in federal programs
Adults and Children receiving welfare (TANF): 25,772
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 392,000
EITC recipients: 516,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 12,900
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 81,177
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 89,251
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 625,179
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 129,160
Participants in all Head Start programs: 19,139
Asset poverty rate: 24.7%
Average college graduate debt: $28,453
Unbanked households: 12.5%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 26.4%
Number of Black children below 200% poverty: 227,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 47%
Senior poverty rate: 10.0%
Women in poverty: 18.6%
Children in foster care: 4,745
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 78,683
Percent of children in immigrant families: 7%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 40%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 30
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 13.0%
Food insecurity: 17.7%
Minimum Wage: No state minimum wage law (federal applies)
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 190,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 9.1%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 35.5%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 37.5%
Poverty rate: 17.1%
Unemployment rate: 6.0%
High school graduation rate: 86.3%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 82.1%
Percent of college students with debt: 52%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 24.2%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 10%
Home foreclosure rate: 1.10%
Homeless people: 4,111
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 152,000
Percent renters: 31%
Total households: 1,852,518
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 1,026
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 45,342

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Alabama policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports