Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 35,703
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 376,000
EITC recipients: 592,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 12,400
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 103,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 145,788
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 686,889
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 122,185
Participants in all Head Start programs: 14,264
Asset poverty rate: 20.2%
Average college graduate debt: $28,751
Unbanked households: 4.6%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 13.9%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 307,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 28%
Senior poverty rate: 7.1%
Women in poverty: 11.6%
Children in foster care: 4,890
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 45,461
Percent of children in immigrant families: 23%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 32%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 16
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 7.0%
Food insecurity: 10.6%
Minimum Wage: $7.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 219,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 8.8%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 21.7%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 23.4%
Poverty rate: 10.6%
Unemployment rate: 3.9%
High school graduation rate: 85.7%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 85.9%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 56%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 38.1%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 6%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.57%
Homeless people: 6,067
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 250,000
Percent renters: 34%
Total households: 3,120,880
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 449
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 1,227

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Virginia policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Work Supports