Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 60,449
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 412,000
EITC recipients: 426,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 27,100
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 92,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 76,105
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 834,834
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 157,453
Participants in all Head Start programs: 13,413
Asset poverty rate: 26.1%
Average college graduate debt: $24,164
Unbanked households: 4.1%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 13.2%
Number of Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 192,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 26%
Senior poverty rate: 8.0%
Women in poverty: 11.8%
Children in foster care: 10,959
Number of households with grandparents responsible for grandchildren under age 18 32,530
Percent of children in immigrant families: 29%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 28%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 17
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 6.0%
Food insecurity: 12.0%
Minimum Wage: $11.50
Number of Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 117,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 6.1%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 10.3%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 25.9%
Poverty rate: 11.0%
Unemployment rate: 4.7%
High school graduation rate: 78.2%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 89.6%
Percent of college graduates with debt: 52%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 35.1%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Home foreclosure rate: 0.76%
Homeless people: 21,112
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 227,000
Percent renters: 38%
Total households: 2,840,377
Justice System
Incarcerated persons per 100,000 residents 254
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 921

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Washington policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Work Supports