Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 51,717
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 712,000
EITC recipients: 807,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 21,400
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 149,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 623,549
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 980,178
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 255,217
Participants in all Head Start programs: 41,783
Assets
Asset poverty rate: 25.0%
Average college graduate debt: $29,450
Unbanked households: 5.7%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 22.2%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 362,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 39%
Senior poverty rate: 7%
Women in poverty: 17.0%
Family
Children in foster care: 16,412
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 146,191
Percent of children in immigrant families: 13%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 36%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 21
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 6.9%
Food insecurity: 13.9%
Minimum Wage: $8.25
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 269,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 7%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 25.2%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 32.4%
Poverty rate: 15.8%
Unemployment rate: 5.8%
Education
High school graduation rate: 77%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 88.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 62%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 27.4%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 6%
Housing
Home foreclosure rate: 1.01%
Homeless people: 12,227
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 282,950
Percent renters: 28%
Total households: 3,827,880
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 2,085
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 59,400

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key Michigan policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports