Participation in federal programs
Adults and children receiving welfare (TANF): 1,728,256
Children receiving food stamps (SNAP): 2,118,000
EITC recipients: 3,100,000
Families receiving child care subsidies: 78,100
Households receiving federal rental assistance: 492,000
Households receiving LIHEAP (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program): 290,616
Number of children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP: 5,241,680
Number of women and children receiving WIC (Women, Infants and Children supplemental nutrition program): 1,327,374
Participants in all Head Start programs: 130,513
Assets
Asset poverty rate: 29.2%
Average college graduate debt: $21,382
Unbanked households: 8.0%
Poverty by demographic
Child poverty rate: 22.4%
Number of Black and Hispanic children below 200% poverty: 3,168,000
Percent of single-parent families with related children that are below poverty: 34%
Senior poverty rate: 11%
Women in poverty: 16.0%
Family
Children in foster care: 56,577
Number of grandparents raising grandchildren: 801,419
Percent of children in immigrant families: 47%
Percent of children living in single parent families: 34%
Teen birth rate per 1,000 population ages 15-19: 21
Economic well-being
Extreme poverty rate: 6.7%
Food insecurity: 15.0%
Minimum Wage: $10.00
Number of Black and Hispanic children living in families where no parent has full-time, year-round employment: 2,022,000
Percent of individuals who are uninsured: 10%
Percent of jobs that are low-wage: 22.2%
Percent of working families under 200% of the poverty line: 34.4%
Poverty rate: 15.3%
Unemployment rate: 6.5%
Education
High school graduation rate: 80%
Percent of adult population with at least a high school degree: 80.7%
Percent of college students with debt: 55%
Percent of population over age 25 with at least a four year college degree: 31.7%
Percent of teens ages 16 to 19 not attending school and not working: 7%
Housing
Home foreclosure rate: 0.91%
Homeless people: 113,952
Households paying more than 50% of income on housing: 1,592,495
Percent renters: 45%
Total Households: 12,617,280
Justice System
Number of youth residing in juvenile justice and correctional facilities: 9,810
Total incarcerated (prison and jail): 207,100

State governments play a significant role in developing policies that help support low-income families. Below is a list of some key California policies and a link to an organization that tracks the issue.

Tax & Asset-Building Policy

Family and Work Supports